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1.  Abstracts Master List
BAOIA Conference Proceedings
[Year:2014] [Month:May-August] [Volume:3 ] [Number:2] [Pages:12] [Pages No:25-36] [No of Hits : 531]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | FREE



Ischaemic heart disease (IHD) is a major determinant of perioperative morbidity and mortality. Studies report operative-related reinfarction or cardiac death risks of 30% for patients within 3 months, and 5% within 6 months post-myocardial infarction.1 Preoperative beta-blocker use in IHD has been shown to reduce cardiovascular mortality and myocardial ischaemia after surgery. The European Society of Cardiology recommends that beta-blockers should be continued up to and including the morning of surgery.2 We investigated whether these guidelines were being followed at our hospital.

2.  Lecture Abstracts
Ultrasound-guided Sciatic Nerve Block: Posterior Approach
Alok Gupta
[Year:2013] [Month:May-August] [Volume:2 ] [Number:2] [Pages:63] [Pages No:59-63] [No of Hits : 3890]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10027-1039 | FREE

The sciatic nerve blockade is routinely done for surgery and pain management of the lower extremity and is one of the commonly used techniques in our practice. When performed in a systematic manner, it is associated with a high success rate.1,2

3.  Lecture Abstracts
Nerve Blocks of the Anterior Abdominal Wall
Sujata Nambiath
[Year:2013] [Month:May-August] [Volume:2 ] [Number:2] [Pages:63] [Pages No:46-48] [No of Hits : 3687]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10027-1035 | FREE

Nerve blocks of the anterior abdominal wall provides analgesia for the skin over the anterior abdominal wall and the parietal peritoneum, but not for the visceral contents. They are used as part of a multimodal approach to analgesia. Good post-operative analgesia and a decrease in morphine requirements for up to 48 hours after operation have been demonstrated.1 Used bilaterally, it is used as a simple alternative in patients for whom an epidural is not possible.

4.  Lecture Abstracts
WHO Ladder-Relevance in Today’s World
Kamal Kumar Fotedar
[Year:2013] [Month:May-August] [Volume:2 ] [Number:2] [Pages:63] [Pages No:49-53] [No of Hits : 3577]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10027-1036 | FREE

In an extensive review of 32 reports Bonica1 found that, pain is a major symptom in 70% of cancer patients.

5.  Abstract Master List
Abstracts for Poster Presentation
Atul Gaur
[Year:2013] [Month:May-August] [Volume:2 ] [Number:2] [Pages:63] [Pages No:70-87] [No of Hits : 3366]
Full Text PDF | FREE

6.  Review Article
Ultrasound-guided Approaches to Sciatic Nerve Block
Herman Sehmbi, Ushma Jitendra Shah
[Year:2013] [Month:September-December] [Volume:2 ] [Number:3] [Pages:47] [Pages No:135-137] [No of Hits : 3020]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10027-1052 | FREE


Along with the femoral nerve block, the sciatic nerve block is one of the most commonly performed peripheral nerve blocks of the lower limb block. It provides innervation to the hip joint, the knee joint and the ankle joint, it is blockade is utilised to provide analgesia for all such joint surgeries.

Keywords: Anaesthesia, Ultrasound, Sciatic, Nerve, Poplitea.

How to cite this article: Sehmbi H, Shah UJ. Ultrasound-guided Approaches to Sciatic Nerve Block. Int J Periop Ultrasound Appl Technol 2013;2(3):135-137.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None declared

7.  Lecture Abstracts
Failed Back Surgery Syndrome: Current Concepts, Evidence and Future Perspectives
Ashok Kumar Saxena
[Year:2013] [Month:May-August] [Volume:2 ] [Number:2] [Pages:63] [Pages No:64-69] [No of Hits : 2987]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10027-1040 | FREE


Aim: Currently there are no guidelines regarding the content of the clinical notes needed for transfer of patients from one centre to another. This problem is manifold in developing countries where intensive care is a developing specialty. This study was conducted to analyse the patient's clinical information provided by the referral summary at the time of ICU admission.

Settings: Twelve bedded intensive care unit (ICU) of a 900 bedded tertiary care referral centre.

Observations: Over a period of 1 year, we had 310 intensive care admissions. One hundred and twenty-four patients out of these were out of hospital admissions. Ninty-six patients out of 124 patients had a prior hospitalisation of more than 24 hours. Patient information regarding the clinical details, source of referral, severity of illness, course in the previous hospital and management were analysed at time of admission.
There were 62 (64%) male and 34 (36%) female patients. Mean admission APACHE-II (Acute physiological and chronic health evaluation) of referred patients was 15.89 ± 2.89 and mean SOFA (Sequential organ failure assessment) was 8.2083 ± 1.86.
Authors found that majority of referral notes did not provide information regarding the presenting complaints, progression of signs and symptoms, progression of the organ failures, neurological assessment, airway and intubation details, ventilator settings on the blood gases, trends of vital parameters, nutrition, DVT prophylaxis and clinical status at time of discharge.

Conclusion: Guidelines should be developed for the content of referral summaries to maintain continuity of care and avoid delay in institution of life saving therapies.

Keywords: Inter-hospital transfers, Critically Ill, Referral notes.

How to cite this article: Azim A, Bhatia P, Baronia AK, Poddar B, Gurjar M, Singh RK, Kumar A. Deficits in Referral Notes During Inter-hospital Transfers of Critically Ill Patients: An Observational Study from a Developing Nation. Int J Periop Ultrasound Appl Technol 2013;2(2):89-91.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None declared

8.  List of Faculty
2nd Indo-UK Conference on Pain
[Year:2013] [Month:May-August] [Volume:2 ] [Number:2] [Pages:63] [Pages No:xvii-xxii] [No of Hits : 2947]
Full Text PDF | FREE

9.  Review Article
Ultrasound-guided Lumbar Facet Nerve Block: Sonoanatomy and Technique
Shyam Balasubramanian
[Year:2013] [Month:September-December] [Volume:2 ] [Number:3] [Pages:47] [Pages No:131-134] [No of Hits : 2412]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10027-1051 | FREE


Musculoskeletal low back pain is a common problem. Pain physicians commonly perform lumbar facet nerve blocks to diagnose facet joint related pain. Traditionally these procedures are carried out under fluoroscopy guidance. Recent advances in ultrasound technology and better understanding of the sonoanatomy of spine has led to the evolution of ultrasoundguided lumbar facet nerve block. This article describes the nerve supply of the lumbar facet joints and the technique of blocking these nerves under ultrasound guidance.

Keywords: Ultrasound, Low-back pain, Facet joint, Medialbranch block.

How to cite this article: Balasubramanian S. Ultrasound-guided Lumbar Facet Nerve Block: Sonoanatomy and Technique. Int J Periop Ultrasound Appl Technol 2013;2(3):131-134.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None declared

10.  Original Articles
An Intraoral Periapical Radiographic Study of Mandibular Nutrient Canals with Conventional and Digital Radiography in Hypertensive Patients: A Comparative Study
Namdeo Prabhu, Vaishali Keluskar, Renuka Ammanagi, Rakhi Issrani
[Year:2013] [Month:January-April] [Volume:2 ] [Number:1] [Pages:31] [Pages No:19-25] [No of Hits : 1999]
Full Text PDF | Abstract | DOI : 10.5005/jp-journals-10027-1028 | FREE


Background: Hypertension is one of the most common medical problems seen in our dental profession. Nutrient canals are spaces in bones and are considered to be channels that transmit blood vessels and nerves. They are observed more frequently in the mandibular anterior region as radiolucent lines in intraoral periapical radiographs. The radiographically observable nutrient canals have been shown to have an association with various systemic diseases like hypertension. This can be used as an evidence for the detection of hypertensive patients for better diagnosis and treatment decisions.

Aim and objectives: The aim of the present study was to evaluate if any correlation exists between nutrient canals and hypertension.

Materials and methods: Two hundred patients with hypertension for 1 to 10 years (groups I and II) and 100 age matched controls (group III) were included in the study. The prevalence of nutrient canals in all the groups and with reference to age and gender was observed along with the comparison between intraoral conventional and digital radiography.


  1. Differences in the prevalence of nutrient canals between groups I, II and III were found to be statistically significant.
  2. In the groups I and II, prevalence of nutrient canals increased with age and also with the duration of hypertension, however it was statistically insignificant. There was no significant difference in prevalence rate among the different age groups in control group.
  3. The presence of nutrient canals among the three groups in males and females was statistically significant.
  4. Differences in the prevalence of nutrient canals when compared with intraoral conventional and digital radiographic method among all the three groups did not reveal statistically significant results.
Conclusion: It is evident from the present study that there is a correlation between prevalence of nutrient canals and hypertension.

Keywords: Blood pressure, Hypertension, Intraoral, Nutrient canals, Radiography.

How to cite this article: Prabhu N, Keluskar V, Ammanagi R, Issrani R. An Intraoral Periapical Radiographic Study of Mandibular Nutrient Canals with Conventional and Digital Radiography in Hypertensive Patients: A Comparative Study. Int J Periop Ultrasound Appl Technol 2013;2(1):19-25.

Source of support: Nil

Conflict of interest: None declared

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